Army of the Potomac, Army of North Virginia, in the trenches

24”x30” plexi, layered synthetic polymer skins, copper, glass, ash, iron, charcoal, china marker, resin, found objects, steel frame.




Four months after 51,000 soldiers were killed in three days on the Gettysburg battlefield, President Abraham Lincoln delivered The Gettysburg Address on November 9, 1863. Acknowledging the dead, Lincoln reminded those present that the cause for the Civil War, was the cause stated in the Declaration of Independence, that "all man are created equal." In Lincoln's address, he declared the Civil War as a test of our stated principles. This follows the belief stated by Lincoln in 1838 in his Lyceum address that "If destruction be our lot we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of freemen we must live through all time or die by suicide."